Last month Boris Johnson warned so-called Nimbys will have to ‘accept change’
The government is tearing up planning red tape from today to allow boarded up shops and abandoned offices to be turned into homes without the need for full planning permission, under new laws being introduced today.
Changes to the planning system will make it easier for business owners and developers to ‘repurpose’ premises that are no longer needed and bring them back into use.
In a further move to support town centres, families will be offered a new fast-track system allowing them to add up to two storeys to their homes.
Campaign groups have hit out at reforms, that include plans to have dedicated areas for building, with one group saying government plans could lead to ‘thousands of tiny, poor quality “homes” in unacceptable locations like industrial estates.’
The initiatives, which are set to be put before Parliament later today, are part of a wider drive to free up the planning system and allow more development.
Environment Secretary George Eustice yesterday announced a review of the system of environmental impact assessments, which is blamed for holding up some developments.
It comes less than a month after PM Boris Johnson used a speech in Dudley, West Yorkshire, to promise the ‘the most radical reforms of our planning system since the end of the Second World War’.
And ministers are drawing up proposals for broader changes this summer, including a possible new presumption in favour of development in certain designated areas.
The rule shake-up will mean full planning applications will not be required to demolish and rebuild unused buildings as homes, allowing commercial and retail properties to be quickly repurposed, according to the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government.
The latest changes, which will come into force in September, are designed to help breathe new life into high streets hit hard by the lockdown, as well as opening up a new route for housing provision.
At present, firms need full ‘change of use’ planning permission to convert a shop or office into a new type of business or into housing.
From September, they will be offered a fast-track process for approval. Developers will also be allowed to demolish vacant buildings for new purposes without full planning permission.
Today’s report will outline plans to scrap leaseholds, giving 4.3million people the chance to take control of their homes from their landlords.
Where leaseholds offer tenants temporary ownership of a property, government changes could see people owning their flat’s outright and sharing building management costs with their neighbours.
Prof Nick Hopkins, the Law Commissioner and an author of the report being published today,said: ‘Commonhold involves a culture change. It would be a move away from an “us and them” mindset, towards “us and ourselves”.
‘Our reforms will make a real difference by giving leaseholders greater control over their homes, offering a cheaper and easier route out of leasehold, and establishing commonhold as the preferred alternative system.’
Housing Secretary Robert Jenrick said: ‘We are reforming the planning system and cutting out unnecessary bureaucracy to give small business owners the freedom they need to adapt and evolve, and to renew our town centres with new enterprises and more housing.
‘These changes will help transform boarded up, unused buildings safely into high quality homes at the heart of their communities.
It will mean that families can add up to two storeys to their home, providing much needed additional space for children or elderly relatives as their household grows.’
Pubs, libraries, village shops and other community buildings will be exempted from the changes to ensure that a full local debate is required before they can be converted into something else.
Ministers believe the changes could help keep town centres alive if the fallout from the coronavirus lockdown leads to the closure of shops and offices.
The Cabinet minister said he hoped the change in the rules would reduce pressure to build on greenfield sites and deliver more homes that fit the character of their local area while also eliminating red tape.
But the move is likely to be controversial with critics who claim that previous conversions of offices into housing have often failed to provide the necessary infrastructure, such as schools, transport and healthcare.
Homeless charity Shelter has warned that some office conversions have left families miles from local facilities with no public transport.
Proposals to allow people to add two storeys to their properties could also risk clashes between neighbours. Sources said people would be required to ‘carefully consider the impact on neighbours and the appearance of the extension’.
Boris Johnson first hinted at the changes at the end of June, when he suggested time-consuming environmental surveys, and similar red tape, could be streamlined, saying: ‘Time is money, and the newt-counting delays in our system are a massive drag on the productivity and the prosperity of this country.’
He added: ‘Yes, we will insist on beautiful and low carbon homes, but Covid has taught us the cost of delay. Why are we so slow at building homes by comparison with other European countries?’
Mr Johnson said the Government wanted to ‘build, build, build,’ just days after announcing a new unit, dubbed ‘Project Speed’.
Led by Chancellor Rishi Sunak the group has been tasked with fast tracking major infrastructure projects and identifying bottlenecks in planning systems.
Daniel Slade, from the Town and Country Planning Association, warned The Telegraph changes could lead to ‘thousands of tiny, poor quality “homes” in unacceptable locations like industrial estates’.
His concerns were echoed by theCampaign for Rural England, with chief executive Crispin Truman telling the paper: ‘Our evidence has shown that three quarters of housing developments should not have been granted planning permission due to poor or mediocre design quality.
‘Further deregulation as proposed here, would only make the problem worse.